My student Maggie from China has a question (which I've edited):
In career management, what is the meaning of "managing upwards"?
Most of the time, the direction of managing is downwards: a person in a higher position controls the person in the lower position; the boss gets the employees to do what the boss wants or needs.
But "managing upwards"* or "managing up"* is the idea of a person in a lower position getting the person in a higher position to do what the lower person wants or need.
* With links to Netspeak, click on the + to see example sentences, then click on the small arrow at the end of the sentence to see the web page where that sentence comes from.
Using their intelligence, skills and their understanding of their boss's personality, the employee creates a productive relationship with the boss and, when the employee needs it, the employee can get the boss do what the employee wants or needs. So the employee "manages" the boss; the employee is "managing upwards".
Managing upwards can help an employee become more successful.
For example: the boss gives an employee a task but only a few resources (time, money, staff etc) to complete the task. The employee uses their understanding of the boss's personality to persuade the boss to agree to giving more resources for the task. The employee managed upwards.
The employee then uses the resources and completes the task well. The boss is happy and the employee has a good record (3rd definition) for completing tasks, which could lead to a promotion for the employee.
More info on managing upwards:
G.A.L.E.S.L. / joe3
Some tips and links on learning English.