Update 2015-10-24: Fixed a few vocabulary links and added a few more. Updated current Apple senior people image & info. Added Wikipedia & Investopedia links on corporate titles and structure.
In our class on job orientation, one of the topics is explaining the corporate structure and job titles to a new employee.
Unfortunately there are many, many ways of structuring an organization and many, many ways of giving and using job titles.
Some titles that can be at different levels in different situations:
Organizations will use different titles, or similar titles in different ways. It really does vary.
Here I'll try to give some explanation and examples of corporate structure, with org charts (also known as organograms) of different companies.
Click the images to enlarge them.
Company directors versus managers (or executives or officers)
There are usually two groups of people at the top of a company.
Company directors who are not also managers are non-executive directors (or outside directors).
See more info here:
Example: Apple Inc.
Here are a couple of links for a real company, Apple. The first is from 2011, when Steve Jobs was still CEO. (Source)
Update 2017-02-10: ESLPod links updated to Lizhi.fm. For more info, see this post: ESLPod Links Broken.
Update 2015-10-18: Added ESLpod 944 & 162.
Update 2015-10-26: Added ESLpod 728.
Re our classes on job orientation / induction (when you start working at a new company / organization) and your first day on the job, here are some useful MP3 podcasts for you to listen to about explaining things to new employees (or other visitors).
G.A.L.E.S.L. / joe3
Some tips and links on learning English.